THE DIFFERENT WAYS OF HARVESTING GRAPES
The different ways of harvesting or picking grapes has an influence on the final flavour and quality of the wine. It is for this reason that we want to take a closer look at the different harvesting techniques.
This method is used to obtain high quality wines. Each bunch is carefully selected and cut one by one. This is how grapes have been harvested in the past and is the most traditional method, although nowadays it is only carried out to obtain certain desired results. It tends to be done in small vineyards and with old vines.
There are two types of hand picking:
EXTREME AND HEROIC HARVESTING
The name comes from the conditions in which the harvest is carried out due to complex terrain, which makes the work very difficult. The vines are usually located on mountain sides which are difficult to access and have very uneven ground. This type of harvest is officially recognized and is not very common in Spain.
This involves harvesting grapes according to their quality within the same plot or estate. In other words, they are selected and harvested according to their respective quality. It is an arduous process since the plot has to be gone over several times before the harvest can be completed. This technique is also used to obtain high quality wines.
As the name suggests, mechanical harvesting is carried out using mechanical grape harvesters. These pass over the vines, causing them to vibrate and drop the bunches, which then fall into a deposit. This harvest method isfor vines that grow on trellises or are trained.
WAYS OF HARVESTING GRAPES ACCORDING TO THE TIME OF COLLECTION
This type of harvest is carried out in large-scale vineyards. Its distinctive feature is that the fruit is harvested in phases, taking into account the ripening point of the grape, which differs depending on where the vines are located.
The advantage of night harvesting is that it prevents the heat from affecting the fermentation the grapes as much as possible. Night harvesting is mechanical.
This is the essential and ideal way to ensure the grapes have a high sugar content in order to produce sweet wines. It is a delicate process due to the amount of time and effort spent allowing the fruit to mature, without rotting, and thus obtaining excellent sweet wines with some very special traits.